United Nations Security Council (UNSC) formed in 1945 is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations UN.
UNSC is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to it’s United Nations Charter.
UNSC is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
Why Nehru Gave UNSC seat to China
UNSC seat offer was given to then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru around 1953 by Secretary of state John Foster Dulles of US. Jawaharlal Nehru turned down this offer ‘with scorn’ he suggested that the seat, till then held by Taiwan, be offered to Beijing instead. He wrote that “the seat was held with scant credibility by Taiwan“.
This was the biggest Blunder done by Jawaharlal Nehru during his tenure. Jawaharlal Nehru thought this move of his would ease out tension between India and China and help to build trust between the two countries.
What Benefits would India had from the permanent seat at UNSC
UNSC is the premier decision making body of UN. Decisions like imposing sanctions or the implementation of the verdict of ICJ, it needs the endorsement of UNSC. Permanent seat would have given India a greater say in the global geopolitics. The ongoing Kulbhushan Jadav Case would have been over in just few weeks of India had been a permanent member of UNSC.
UNSC permanent membership would have provided India with the veto power. This would have enabled India in tailoring the decisions of the UNO according to its interests.
UNSC permanent seat would have increased the stature of India in the global arena. It would have added prestige to the country.
UNSC permanent seat would have provided India a new avenue in the bilateral negotiations. As permanent members have a greater say due to veto powers the countries want a good relationship with the permanent members.
UNSC permanent membership would have strengthened India’s resolve to act as the net security provider in the region.
UNSC permanent membership would have added strengthening of the mechanisms to address the external security threats and addressing of state sponsored terrorism against India especially in the case of it’s arch-rival Pakistan.
Threats of two front wars which the Indian army is cautioning could have been effectively dealt as UNSC permanent membership would have created deterrence.